Timor-Leste was a Portuguese colony from the mid-sixteenth century until 28 November 1975 when it declared its independence. Nine days later, it was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces who conducted a campaign of ‘pacification’, claiming the lives of 100,000+ individuals. The nation regained its autonomy following a referendum in 1999.
- Region: South East Asia
- Capital: Dili
- Population: 1.2 million
- Area: 14,874 km2
- Religions: Roman Catholic 86%, ethnic religions 8.6%, Protestant 4%
- Languages: Tetum and Portueguese (official), Indonesian and English (working languages), approximately 32 indigenous languages