Switzerland’s sovereignty and neutrality have long been honoured by the major European powers and the country was not involved in either of the two world wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland’s role in many UN and international organisations, has strengthened Switzerland’s ties with its neighbours. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organisations, but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.
- Region: Europe
- Capital: Bern
- Population: 8.4 million
- Area: 41, 277 km2
- Religions: Roman Catholic 38.4%, Protestant 28.6%, no religion 16.7%, independent Christian 5.2%
- Languages: Swiss German 63%, French 22.7%, Italian 8.1%, Romansch 0.5% (all official)