Papua New Guinea forms the eastern part of the island of New Guinea and some nearby islands. It was granted independence in 1975, after a lengthy period of Australian administration.
- Region: Pacific
- Capital: Port Moresby
- Population: 7.9 million
- Area: 462,840 km2
- Religions: Protestant 53.1%, Roman Catholic 25.4%, independent Christian 12.5%
- Languages: Tok Pisin, English and Hiri Motu (official), more than 800 indigenous languages